The biggest influence on the 2016 row-crop planting season is a weakening, but still stron, Pacific Ocean el Nino. Equator-region Pacific temps reached their third warmest in the last 60 years during the end of 2015. the impact of that kind of ocean heat and energy will be profound during the spring.
The impact of the declining El Nino brings a mixed impact across the country.
Midwest - Temps near to below normal west, near to above normal in east. Precipitation near to above normal west, mostly below normal east. Northern plains - Warm and dry with temps above normal and precipitation running below normal. Southern plains - Temps below normal, precipitation avove normal. In short, cool and wet. Delta and Southeast - Temps near to below normal, with precipitation near to above normal. Mid-Atlantic and Northeast - Temps hae a near-to-avove- normal trend, with precipitation ranging generally near to avove normal. Could be some delay in planting times. Far West - Warm and wet, with mild temps and avove-normal precipitation. The western U.S. is squarely in line for El-Nino-fueled systems. Een a declining El Nino still has plenty of kick before the ocean goes to a neutral phase during the summer season. Northwest - Mostly warm and dry, with above-normal temperatures and near-to-below-normal precipitation.